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高考英语第二轮语法专题复习

时间:2013-05-18 17:27来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
试题全部为doc格式,请点击右边的试题名称下载阅读: 2006年高考英语第二轮语法专题复习一、冠词The Article知识要点:冠词是一种虚词,放在名词的前面,帮助说明名词的含义。冠词分不定冠词(The Indefinite Article)和定冠词(The definite Article)两种

 

试题全部为doc格式,请点击右边的试题名称下载阅读:

2006年高考英语第二轮语法专题复习
一、冠词The Article
知识要点:
冠词是一种虚词,放在名词的前面,帮助说明名词的含义。冠词分不定冠词(The Indefinite Article)和定冠词(The definite Article)两种。a (an) 是不定冠词,a用在辅音之前:如a book, a man; an用在元音之前,如:an old man, an hour, an interesting book等。the是定冠词。
一、不定冠词的用法
1、指人或事物的某一种类(泛指)。这是不定冠词a (an)的基本用法。如:She is a girl. I am a teacher. Please pass me an apple.
2、指某人或某物,但不具体说明何人或何物。如:He borrowed a story-book from the library.
  A Wang is looking for you. 一位姓王的同志正在找你。
3、表示数量,有“一”的意思,但数的概念没有one强烈。如:
  I have a mouth, a nose and two eyes.
4、用于某些固定词组中。如:
a bit, a few, a little, a lot of, a piece of, a cup of, a glass of, a pile of, a pair of, have a good time, for a while, for a long time等。
5、用在抽象名词前,表具体的介绍——a + 抽象名词,起具体化的作用。如:
This little girl is a joy to her parents. 这女孩对她父母来说是一个乐趣。
It is a pleasure to talk with you. 跟您交谈真是一件愉快的事情。
It is an honour to me to attend the meeting. 参加这个会,对我来说是一种荣誉。
二、定冠词的用法:
1、特指某(些)人或某(些)事物。这是定冠词the的基本用法。如:
Beijing is the capital of China.
The pen on the desk is mine.
2、指谈话双方都知道的人或事物。如:
Where is the teacher?
Open the window, please.
3、指上文提过的人或事物(第二次出现)。如:
There was a chair by the window. On the chair sat a young woman with a baby in her arms.
The baby was thin.
4、用在世界上独一无二的事物前。如:
the earth, the moon, the sun.
5、用在序数词和形容词最高级前。(副词最高级前的定冠词可省略)如:
He is always the first to come to school.
Bob is the tallest in his class.
6、用在某些专有名词前(由普通名词构成的专用名词)。如:
the Great Wall, the Summer Palace, the Science Museum, the Children’s Palace, the *****等。
7、用在一些习惯用语中。如:
on the day, in the morning (afternoon, evening), the day after tomorrow, the day before yesterday, the next year, by the way等。
8、用在江河湖海、山脉前。如:
the Yellow River, the Pacific Ocean, the Alps, the Himalayas
9、用在报刊、杂志前。如:
the People’s Daily, the Evening Paper, the Times 泰晤士报。
10、表示某一家人要加定冠词。如:
The Browns are at home to receive visitors today. 布朗一家今天要接待客人。
11、用在形容词前,表某一类人。如:
the poor, the wounded, the living, the dead, the rich, the sick等。
12、定冠词可以表示一事物内部的某处。如:
The driver always sits in the front of the bus(car).
三、零冠词(即不用冠词):
1、专用名词和不可数名词前。如:
  China, America, Grade One, Class Two, milk, oil, water, paper, science等。
2、名词前已有作定语用的this, that, my, your, some, any等代词。如:
  Go down this street.
3、复数名词表示一类人或事物时。如:
  We are students.
  I like reading stories.
4、节日、日期、月份、季节前。如:
  Teachers’ Day, Children’s Day, National Day, in summer, in July等。
  Today is New Year’s Day.
  It is Sunday.
  March 8 is Women’s Day.
5、在称呼语或表示头衔的名词前,尤其作表语、宾补时。如:
  What’s the matter, Granny?
  We elected him monitor.
6、在某些习惯用语中的名词前。如:
  at noon, at night, at first, at last, at most, at least, by bus(train, air, sea), in bed, in time, in front of, go to school, go to bed, go to college, on foot, at table, in ink, in pencil等。
7、在三餐饭和球类运动前。如:
  She goes to school after breakfast every morning.
  We are going to play football.
  We usually have lunch at school.
8、科目前不加。如:
We learn Chinese, maths, English and some other subjects.
【专项训练】:
1、 We can’t live without  air.
A.an   B.×   C.the   D.some
2、——Have you seen   pen? I left it here this morning.
——Is it    black one? I think I saw it somewhere.
A.a; the  B.the; the  C.the; a  D.a; a
3、I’ve been waiting for him for  hour and  half.
A.×; ×  B.the; a  C.a; the  D.an; a
4、What  fine weather we have today!
A.a   B.×   C.some  D.an
5、Have you ever seen    as tall as this one?
A.a tree  B.such tree  C.an tree  D.tree
6、Children usually go to  school at  age of six.
A.×; the  B.a; an  C.the; ×  D.the; the
7、  Himalayas is  highest mountain in  world.(责任编辑:admin)

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